Hep c dating indiana

In 2015, NACO reported reaching 77.4% of sex workers with HIV prevention activities.11 In 2017, around 67% of HIV positive sex workers were aware of their status and 91% of sex workers (HIV positive and negative) reported using condoms.12 Sex worker communities in India Since 1992, SANGRAM has worked to unite sex workers and provide access to HIV treatment, prevention and education across six districts in Maharashtra and the border areas of north Karnataka.

These are all places in which the rate of HIV infection is significantly higher than other areas of the country.

Stigma and discrimination against sex workers restrict their access to healthcare.

A 2011 study in Andhra Pradesh indicated a significant association between police abuse and increased risk of HIV transmission and inconsistent condom use.10Sex workers are one of the high-risk groups targeted by India’s National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) who programme successful peer-to-peer HIV interventions (when individuals from key affected populations provide services to their peers or link them to services within healthcare settings).

The epidemic is concentrated among key affected populations, however the vulnerabilities that drive the epidemic vary in different parts of the country.

For example, around 10% of men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh and 5% in Maharashtra are estimated to be living with HIV.16 A 2015 study of men who have sex with men, conducted across 12 Indian cities, found 7% tested positive for HIV.

Just under a third (30%) of those who reported having anal or oral sex with a man in the past 12 months were married to a women and engaging in heterosexual sex.17 The study also found evidence of emerging epidemics among men who have sex with men in urban areas not previously recognised as having high HIV burdens.

The organisation has achieved notable successes within these diverse communities.

Peer educators deliver hundreds of thousands of condoms to women each month, and they report that in some areas 100% of sex workers have attended voluntary HIV testing.13Male sex workers are particularly vulnerable to HIV.

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Both the sex worker and men who have sex with men population groups have experienced a recent decline in HIV prevalence.7 In 2017, an estimated 1.6% of female sex workers in India were living with HIV, although this figure varies between states.8 For example, prevalence among female sex workers is estimated at 7.4% in Maharashtra and 6.3% in Andhra Pradesh.9 Although sex work is not illegal in India, associated activities such as running a brothel are.

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