Dating asian catholics australia
But Polding's priests were mainly Irish, and this was not their conception of what the Church should be like.Their efforts, and the efforts of the Irish bishops who were appointed to other newly established dioceses, soon combined with Australia's singular geographical and social environment to subvert Polding's vision.From this time until the end of the 1860s, Catholic schools received some government assistance under a variety of schemes, but campaigns for 'free, secular and compulsory' education had begun in the 1850s and it became increasingly clear that Catholic schools would not be able to rely on government aid for much longer.Between 18, every State passed an Education Act removing state aid to Church schools.There was a high level of attendance at Mass and other devotional ceremonies, and many Catholics belonged to parish sodalities such as the Sacred Heart Sodality (for women) and the Holy Name Society (for men; it was reputed to have 100 000 members at one stage).
They were mostly Irish convicts, together with a few Royal Marines.
With no money to pay teachers, the bishops appealed to religious orders in Ireland and other European countries, and soon religious sisters and brothers were responding to the crisis.
The growth of religious orders There were already a few religious orders in Australia: as well as the Sisters of Charity, there were also, among others, the Good Samaritan Sisters, founded by Polding in 1857, and the Sisters of St Joseph, founded in 1866 by Fr Julian Tenison Woods and Mary Mac Killop, now recognised as Australia's first saint.
The sisters not only set up schools in the cities but also established little parish schools all over Australia, providing a Catholic education for the children of the bush.
Their efforts, with almost no money and in the face of considerable hardship, were nothing short of heroic.