Bc and ad dating system
Most historians now place Herod's death as during 4 BCE.
So, unless one is a lion, a Buddhist, or student of ancient Roman civilization, the basis for 1 CE and 1 BCE remains an arbitrary selection.
The birth, life, ministry, death, and resurrection of Christ are the “turning points” in world history.
The advocates of the switch from BC/AD to BCE/CE say that the newer designations are better in that they are devoid of religious connotation and thus prevent offending other cultures and religions who may not see Jesus as “Lord.” The irony, of course, is that what distinguishes B.
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The change is simply one of semantics—that is, AD 100 is the same as 100 CE; all that changes is the label.
Until the eighteenth century CE, the term Anno Salutis ("in the year of salvation") or Anno Nostrae Salutis ("in the year of our salvation"), Anno Salutis Humanae ("in the year of the salvation of men"), and Anno Reparatae Salutis ("in the year of accomplished salvation") were sometimes used in place of AD. "Only Rosten's Joys of Yiddish comments on these abbreviations that they have long been popular with Jewish scholars who were uncomfortable with a christological dating system. Unfortunately I can find no information to hand on just how long this has been a common practice, or if it indeed originated with Jewish scholars.
BC and AD do have a religious significance because they state that Yeshua of Nazareth is both God and Messiah: AD means "Year of the Lord." BC means "Before Christ" or "Before the Messiah." This religious component makes CE and BCE more attractive to many people -- particularly secularists, non-Christians and liberal Christians.
CE and BCE are notations that are not based on religion or myth. The AD/BC notation was first proposed by the monk Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Little) in the year 525 CE.
According to Wikipedia: "Another calculation had been developed by the Alexandrian monk Annianus around the year AD 400, placing the Annunciation on March 25, AD 9 (Julian) -- exactly 8 [sic] years after the date that Dionysius later calculated.
This Era of Incarnation was dominant in the East during the early centuries of the Byzantine Empire, and is still used today in Ethiopia, accounting for the 8 or 7-year discrepancy between the Gregorian and the Ethiopian calendar." "Even though Anno Domini was in widespread use by the ninth century [CE] Before Christ (or its equivalent) did not become widespread until the late fifteenth century....
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He used it to identify the years in the Easter tables that he prepared.